Part of the fun of personal finance (yes, it can be fun!) for me is to see progress. Progress in the right direction, that is. If you have a financial goal in mind, it is incredibly empowering to track your numbers and watch as you get closer and closer to your goal.
I have tracked my progress as I paid down my student loans down to zero. To finally cross that expense item off of my spending plan forever was a great relief. I used the same approach with my car note. Finally, the only thing left is my mortgage. It’s a big one, but I’m planning on crossing that off my list sooner rather than later. (Edit: Mortgage is now paid off!)
A relatively new calculation I’ve included is my net worth. What would happen if you were to liquidate all of your assets and pay off all of your liabilities? Would you owe money? Or would you still have money left over?
NET WORTH= ASSETS-LIABILITIES
Thankfully, it’s a pretty simple equation. Here’s a breakdown of what to include.
- Savings accounts: If you use more than one bank, make sure you include every banking institution that you’re currently using. You may have several types of savings accounts, such as a money market account and/or a CD.
- Brokerage (taxable) accounts
- IRA accounts
- Work retirement accounts: Don’t forget your previous work retirement accounts if you’ve worked at more than one place.
- Kids’ 529 plans
- Home: What is the present value of your home? There are a number of websites that can estimate this for you.
- Value of Household items: Some people choose to include these items. Personally, I don’t include them in my own net worth calculation.
- Life Insurance Cash Value: If you have a whole life policy with cash value, you should include that amount.
- Other property: You may have rental property or a second home. In that case, go ahead and add these in.
- Student loans
- Car notes
- Credit card debt
- Personal loans
Note: If you’re planning on student loan forgiveness, this can be tricky. You can make 2 separate net worth calculations, one including your current balance and one that does not include it; that way you have an idea of your net worth trajectory without student loans as a variable.
TRACKING YOUR NET WORTH
First, knowing your net worth will force you to go through every single account under your name and put a number to it. It will make you organize your finances in a way that you may have never organized them before. Do not lose this master list of your accounts.
It can be sobering to see what you’re worth on paper. The number may be scary, or it may come as a pleasant surprise. Either way, take action. Just because you don’t like your number doesn’t mean it’s going to get better on its own. A better than expected number means you need to make sure you keep it that way.
If you have a plan to pay off your debts and increase your assets by saving/investing, then you should see your net worth increase over time. For many of us, we started our career deep in the red, with our net worth well below 0. It’s a huge deal to get to zero net worth, and if you’re still in minus territory, make sure you take the time to celebrate when you eventually hit this milestone.
Once you get past zero, go ahead and celebrate when you hit your first $100,000 in net worth. Already there? Celebrate each subsequent $100,000 mark, and you’ll find yourself eventually at seven figures!
Also remember that net worth is very fluid. It is a snapshot of your current financial situation. It can fluctuate greatly due to forces outside your control, such as the stock market or real estate prices. So don’t expect that your net worth will always go up without any downs. It can be a bit of a roller coaster ride, and your job is to make sure that you’re heading in a general upward trajectory by saving, paying down debt, and diversifying your investments.
EXPECTED NET WORTH: EVALUATING YOUR NUMBER
If you haven’t read “The Millionaire Next Door” by Thomas Stanley and William Danko, I highly recommend it. It’s an eye-opening look at the typical American millionaire (by the way, $1,000,000 in 1996, when this book was published, is actually worth about $1.7 million in today’s dollars. Thank you, inflation).
Anyway, in the book, he has an interesting way of calculating what your net worth should be, depending on your age. This number will tell you whether you’re a Prodigious Accumulator of Wealth (PAW), Under Accumulator of Wealth (UAW) or an Average Accumulator of Wealth (AAW). They define a PAW as someone who has twice their expected net worth. Conversely, a UAW is someone who has half their expected net worth, and an AAW is somewhere in the middle. Here is his formula:
(Your age x Annual (pretax) Household Income)/10
So if you are 35 years old and your household income is $150,000, then your expected net worth should be:
(35 x 150,000)= $5,250,000
TWEAKING THE FORMULA
Dr. Jim Dahle from the White Coat Investor came up with a formula for physicians. He took into account the fact that physicians start their career much later than the average person, and they also typically start out in quite a bit of debt. Sound familiar?
Here is his formula from his book:
Expected Physician Net Worth
(Salary x Years in Practice x 0.3)- $200,000
According to this calculation, the expected net worth for the same individual would be $205,000, less than half the original calculation.
To see if this formula is true to life for the veterinary profession, we would need to see a survey that focuses on veterinarians and their actual net worth. I have yet to see such a survey; if you know of one, please send it my way!
So are you a PAW, UAW, or AAW? If you’re UAW, but you’re still reaching for your financial goals, then you don’t have to be as concerned as someone who is a UAW and has no idea what their financial goals are. If you’re a PAW, then you still need to make sure you’re on track with whatever goal you’re looking to accomplish so that you don’t trend back towards UAW territory.
I encourage you to start tracking your net worth if you haven’t done so already. I wouldn’t be surprised if you decide to start tracking on a regular basis!
Have you done your calculation? Have you calculated your net worth differently? Are you a PAW, UAW, or AAW? Comment below!